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Frequently snowbirding in the Mesquite area, and being a bit compulsive, I've prepared this list to help in understanding the plants along the trails where we ride. These are the herbaceous plants of the Mojave area where we ride and is based upon the book Native Plants of Southern Nevada: an Ethnobotany by David Rhode.

Herbaceous Plants:

Yerba Mansa (Anemopsis californica) [S Paiute: "chew-pahn-iv," tcupani, "ch'ponip"]:

Yerba Mansa, Anemopsis californica

Annual Turtleback (Psathyrotes annua) [S Paiute: sebu magoonobu]:

Annual Turtleback, Psathyrotes annua

Velvet Turtleback (Psathyrotes ramosissima) [S Paiute: sebu magoonobu]:

Velvet Turtleback, Psathyrotes ramosissima

Desert Trumpet (Eriogonum inflatum) [S Paiute: "papa karum(p)"]:

Desert Trumpet, Eriogonum inflatum

Also known as "Desert Spoon," it is very distinctive and fairly prevalent in the Mojave Desert. It grows 8 - 32 inches tall, has rounded silver-green leaves at the base and several bare, green, tubular stems with bulbous segments. After flowering with tiny yellow spring and fall flowers, the stem becomes red-brown, hard and brittle. It prefers calcareous soils in creosote, blackbrush, saltbush and sagebrush.

Fresh and young stems were eaten raw, roots and seeds needed preparation. Dried stems were used to smoke tobacco and as children's toys. Tiny black seed-like insect droppings found on the plant reportedly were "hallucinogenic."

Transmontane Sand Verbena (Abronia turbinata) [S Paiute: "ayaho"]:

Transmontane Sand Verbena, Abronia turbinata

Desert Sand Verbena (Abronia villosa) [S Paiute: "ayaho"]:

Desert Sand Verbena, Abronia villosa

Evening Primrose (Oenothera) [S Paiute: "nac-a-go-av"]:

Evening Primrose, Oenothera

Thornapple (Datura wrightii) [S Paiute: momomp, momompi, mimip, "main-pph-weep"]:

Thornapple , Datura wrightii

Desert Tobacco (Nicotiana obtusifolia) [S Paiute: sagwog-woapi, "sawak wape," ko-a-pe"]:

Desert Tobacco, Nicotiana obtusifolia

Coyote Tobacco (Nicotiana attenuata) [S Paiute: sagwog-woapi, "sawak wape," ko-a-pe"]:

Coyote Tobacco, Nicotiana attenuata

Desert Milkweed (Asclepias erosa) [Paiute: "wishe-veu-eup," "kuts-a-hon-i-pea"]:

Desert Milkweed, Asclepias erosa

Mexican Whorled Milkweed (Asclepias fuscicularis) [S Paiute: "wishe-veu-eup," "kuts-a-hon-i-pea"]:

Mexican Whorled Milkweed, Asclepias fuscicularis

Showy Milkweed (Asclepias speciosa) [S Paiute: "wishe-veu-eup," "kuts-a-hon-i-pea"]:

Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa

Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) [S Paiute: w'ivi, wo iv]:

Indian Hemp, Apocynum cannabinum

Wooly Bluestar (Amsonia tomentosa) [S Paiute: wiciva]:

Wooly Bluestar, Amsonia tomentosa

Entireleaved Theolypody (Thelypodium intergrifolium)[S Paiute: nambitu, "na-bita"]:

Entireleaved Theolypody, Thelypodium intergrifolium

Desert Rockcress (Arabis pulchra)[S Paiute: ak, akh]:

Desert Rockcress, Arabis pulchra

Tansy Mustard (Descurainia pinnata)[S Paiute: ku'u, akh'; ak, aka vu; akive]:

Tansy Mustard, Descurainia pinnata

Heartleaf Twistflower (Streptanthus cordatus):

Heartleaf Twistflower, Streptanthus cordatus

Chia (Salvia columbariae) [S Paiute: pasiits]:

Chia, Salvia columbariae

Whitestem Blazingstar (Mentzelia albicaulis) [S Paiute: "ko-ka"]:

Whitestem Blazingstar, Mentzelia albicaulis

Bristly Fiddleneck (Amsinckia tessellata) [S Paiute: "tho-wa-wi-ve"]:

Bristly Fiddleneck, Amsinckia tessellata

Desert Larkspur (Delphinium parishii) [Paiute: "coh-hava"]:

Desert Larkspur, Delphinium parishii

Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja angustifolia) [S Paiute: anabimotoymup, "inip-ma-tho-rup"]:

Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja angustifolia

Desert Broomrape (Orobanche cooperi) [S Paiute: tu'u, du'u]:

Desert Broomrape, Orobanche cooperi

Clustered Broomrape (Orobanche fasciculata) [S Paiute: tu'u, du'u]:

Clustered Broomrape, Orobanche fasciculata

Mojave Woodyaster (Xylorhiza tortifolia):

Mojave Woodyaster, Xylorhiza tortifolia

New Mexico Thistle (Cirsium neomexicanum) [S Paiute: "chuva," "chia wugu"]:

New Mexico Thistle, Cirsium neomexicanum

Mojave Thistle (Cirsium mohavense) [S Paiute: "chuva," "chia wugu"]:

Mojave Thistle, Cirsium mohavense

Mojave Prickly Poppy (Argenmone corymbosa) [S Paiute: "tu-ve-kai-ve"]:

Mojave Prickly Poppy, Argenmone corymbosa

Flatbud Prickly Poppy (Argemone munita) [S Paiute: "tu-ve-kai-ve"]:

Flatbud Prickly Poppy, Argemone munita

Whitemargin Sandmat (Chamaesyce albomarginata) [S Paiute: axghaiv, tuvikaxghaiv, "tubicai"]:

Whitemargin Sandmat, Chamaesyce albomarginata

Prairie Flax (Linum lewisii) [Paiute: "poohi natesua"]:

Prairie Flax, Linum lewisii

Goosefoot (Chenopodium) [S Paiute: "koar," "war," kovi, wara]:

Goosefoot, Chenopodium

Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) [Paiute: "te-na-e-nupe"]:

Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica

Willow Dock (Rumex salicifolius) [S Paiute: nambitu, kwivavi]:

Willow Dock, Rumex salicifolius

Palmer's Penstemon (Penstemon palmeri) [S Paiute: toxo'awatsip, toxopui'bimp]:

Palmer's Penstemon, Penstemon palmeri

Firecracker Penstemon (Penstemon eatonii) [S Paiute: toxo'awatsip, toxopui'bimp]:

Firecracker Penstemon, Penstemon eatonii

Skyrocket Gilia (Ipomopsis aggregata) [S Paiute: "shovia navayuna," anka'si'nti]:

Skyrocket Gilia, Ipomopsis aggregata

Longleaf Phlox (Phlox longifolia) [Paiute: "paga gibe"]:

Longleaf Phlox, Phlox longifolia

Crimson Columbine (AQuilegia formosa) [S Paiute: pawihani sinkadi, toha'ama'abi]:

Crimson Columbine, AQuilegia formosa

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